Code of Conduct for Editors-in-Chief of journals published by Kowsar Medical

  1. The Editor(s)-in-Chief should declare any financial, personal or other relationships that might constitute a conflict of interest with the Editorship of the Journal on the journal website.
     
  2. The Editor(s)-in-Chief should ensure that all articles accepted for publication in the Journal have been assessed in line with the Journal’s stated peer review policy. This should usually involve assessment by a minimum of 2 peer-reviewers. In rare circumstances, decisions may be made on the basis of a single reviewer's report in combination with editorial assessment. Commentaries, book reviews and editorials may be accepted without this requirement although we recommend that commentaries are assessed by one expert reviewer/Editorial Board Member if the topic isn’t in the Editor(s)-in-Chief’s area of expertise.
     
  3. The Editor(s)-in-Chief should not make decisions regarding manuscripts about which they may have a conflict of interest. In such instances, a senior member of the Editorial Board (such as a joint Editor-in-Chief, Deputy Editor or Associate Editor) should be assigned to assume responsibility for overseeing peer-review and making decisions regarding acceptance or rejection.
     
  4. Although the Editor(s)-in-Chief may publish in the journal whose Editor-in-Chief they are, they should ensure the majority of publications come from other authors. A senior member of the Editorial Board (such as a co-Editor-in-Chief, Deputy Editor or Associate Editor) should be assigned to assume responsibility for overseeing peer-review and making decisions regarding acceptance or rejection of any manuscript submitted and/or co-authored by the Editor(s)-in-Chief.
     
  5. The Editor(s)-in-Chief should ensure Editorial Board members are not involved with the peer-review or decision-making process of any manuscript where they have a conflict of interest.
     
  6. The Editor(s)-in-Chief should be satisfied that all research on live humans that is accepted for publication in the Journal is ethical and complies with the World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki. Research should comply with the authors’ national and Institutional Review Board (IRB) requirements for ethics approval and informed consent. In countries where there are no local or national IRBs or established regulations, the Editor(s)-in-Chief should use the standards set out in the Declaration of Helsinki to decide whether there are any ethical concerns about the conduct of the research that would preclude publication. Any research that violates the Declaration of Helsinki should be highlighted to the authors’ institution regardless of whether or not local IRB approval was obtained. The Editor(s)-in-Chief should seek guidance from Kowsar Medical in difficult cases.
     
  7. The Editor(s)-in-Chief should be satisfied that all research on live animals complies with the authors’ national regulations on animal research and ethics. In the absence of any national regulations, the Editor(s)-in-Chief should use their discretion when deciding whether there are any ethical concerns about the research that may preclude publication. The Editor(s)-in-Chief should seek advice from Kowsar Medical in difficult cases.
     
  8. The Editor(s)-in-Chief should be satisfied that all research on human or animal tissue that is accepted for publication in the Journal complies with national legislation and local Institutional Review Board requirements on the use of such tissue for research, with particular regard to consent for use of human tissue. In the absence of any national regulations, the Editor(s)-in-Chief should use their discretion when deciding whether there are any ethical concerns about the research that may preclude publication. The Editor(s)-in-Chief should seek advice from Kowsar Medical in difficult cases.
     
  9. The Editor(s)-in-Chief should seek advice from Kowsar Medical if they believe a manuscript contains potentially libelous or defamatory content.
     
  10. The Editor(s)-in-Chief should provide a professional service to authors. Correspondence should be handled in a timely and respectful manner, and efficient and thorough peer-review carried out. Systems should be in place to ensure editorial staff absences do not result in a reduced service to authors.
     
  11. The Editor(s)-in-Chief should make full use of the online submission and peer-review system and, where necessary, maintain offline tracking systems, in order to preserve a full record of the of peer review of each manuscript.
     
  12. The Editor(s)-in-Chief should comply with the following standards:
  • The World Association of Medical Editors' (WAME) statement on geopolitical intrusion on editorial decisions. The statement, which is available on the WAME website, mandates:
     

    Decisions to edit and publish manuscripts submitted to Kowsar Medical journals should be based on characteristics of the manuscripts themselves and how they relate to the journal's purposes and readers. Among these characteristics are importance of the topic, originality, scientific strength, clarity and completeness of written expression, and potential interest to readers. Editors should also take into account whether studies are ethical and whether their publication might cause harm to readers or to the public interest.
     

    Editorial decisions should not be affected by the origins of the manuscript, including the nationality, ethnicity, political beliefs, race, or religion of the authors. Decisions to edit and publish should not be determined by the policies of governments or other agencies outside of the journal itself.
     

    Editors should defend this principle, as they do other principles of sound editorial practice, and enlist their colleagues' support in this effort if necessary.
     

  • Kowsar Medicall's policies on authors’ competing interests. The policy, which appears on the ‘About this journal’ page, states:
     

    [the Journal] requires authors to declare any competing financial or other interest in relation to their work. All competing interests that are declared will be listed at the end of published articles. Where an author gives no competing interests, the listing will read 'The author(s) declare that they have no competing interests'.
     

  • The Code of Conduct and Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors published by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). The Code is available from the COPE website and can be requested from the Publisher at any time.
  1. The Journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) and the Editor(s)-in-Chief should follow COPE guidelines and flowcharts when dealing with publication and research ethics issues such as author disputes and misconduct. The Editor(s)-in-Chief may seek advice from Kowsar Medical on how to follow COPE guidelines in difficult situations, but the final course of action should usually be decided and executed by the Editor(s)-in-Chief. Kowsar Medical has ultimate responsibility for ensuring that publication ethics are adhered to in compliance with COPE standards.
     
  2. The Editor(s)-in-Chief should have a written complaints procedure for the journal to cover appeals against decisions and complaints about journal processes. The Editor(s)-in-Chief may seek advice from Kowsar Medical in difficult situations, but should comply with the written complaints procedure for their journal and decide on the final course of action. Where a complainant remains dissatisfied an ombudsmen may be asked to investigate. Complaints against the Editor(s)-in-Chief will be referred to an ombudsman in the first instance, but may be referred to COPE if necessary.
     
  3. The Editor(s)-in-Chief should not post comments or write editorials claiming to represent Kowsar Medical without Kowsar Medical’s prior agreement.